Your email address will not be published. Five Approaches to studying religion. The extraordinary range of methods and frameworks can be helpfully summed up regarding the classic distinction between the natural-scientific and human-scientific approaches. It is obvious, that, problems that affect, any part of the world would have its impact all over the world. Similarly a verification of the relation between religion and culture can supply more details as to whether religion or society precedes to influence each other. The Deist’s idea of natural religion was struggling to sail through because of the dominance of the church. They argue, for example, that exemptions from general laws can be justified on the ground of conscience; and that what the state should not “establish” are conceptions of the good. Match. Religion-making involved singling out certain social activities and cultural practices as “religious” and de-politicizing them (see Hinduism in India). First, the secular state defines what religion is; religion is privatized as a faith whose object is the supernatural, and differentiates it from the natural and the rational which are the jurisdiction of the state. ( Log Out / Cutchen, Mc. This paper is an attempt to evaluate the current perspectives used for the scientific study of religion. Although I cannot make the full case here, I sketch a preliminary defense of the third approach, in the context of recent debates in political theory. ‘Science of Religion’ was the fulfillment of a long awaited and hard-labored efforts of many scholars. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Presler, H. Henry: “How should we study other religions?”. Muller’s philological skills necessitated him to consider myths from the same perspective. The scientific study of religion offers valuable insights which are relevant to the specific Indian context. ( Log Out / I relate to Buddhism as a path.. On following pages, I will offer some thoughts about how to find a path that is a good fit for you personally. There are other phenomenologists who propose a neo new style phenomenology. Talal Asad and Saba Mahmood have shown, for instance, that liberal secularism requires individual belief—not communal observance, rituals or embodied piety—to be taken as the essence of religiosity. Reformulated in this way, Sullivan’s critique has bite. Third part is an evaluation of the existing perspectives. “Another objection is that comparison means resemblance, and if one religion is like another, what happens to the claims of superiority and uniqueness.”. Consider an analogy with marriage. Because of the increasing amount of religious knowledge, the traditional narrow or too general perspectives of religious studies have been ignored and more charitable expectations have penetrated into the realm of scientific study of religion. Gravity. From this perspective, it would be a mistake to think that conceptual imprecision is in itself an obstacle to scholarly inquiry. So the starting point of the disaggregation strategy is to accept that, as religion is indeed not a “thing” but a term of art (it has different meanings in different contexts), different dimensions of it will be appropriated in different ways in different disciplines. This will answer the question of similarities in cultures in different religions. Lott, J. Eric: The Science of Religion in an Indian Theological Context”. emagamba. Platvoet, G. Jan: “Close Harmonies: The Science of Religion in Dutch Duplex Ordo Theology, 1860-1960”. Similar account was given by Benjamin constant y de Rebeque (1769-1830). Further, psychological approach to the study of religions considers rituals seriously. In order to carry out this task the psychology of religion has applied a few method. The academic study of religion, now, is generally concerned with observable data “And the observable includes historical knowledge of the rituals, mythologies, religious communities, ideas, teachings, institutions, arts, architecture.”. Different approaches to the study of religion has allowed a different point of view and interpretation religion. Israel, S.: “An integral approach to the study of religion: Insights from an Indian Christian perspective”. Summary: 1.Theology is a more biased discipline as it concentrates on the study of God and focuses more on the Protestant and Roman Catholic religious … Seventh Edition Reprinted, Penguin Books, 1973. The implications of the first approach have been resisted in many quarters. This involves identifying a plurality of normative analogies for religion. The interest for the scientific study of religion is predominantly a Western phenomenon. It should also be remembered that there are advantages and disadvantages of studying religion either by the insider or the outsider. His psychological method was called ‘Analytical Psychology’ in contrast to the psychoanalysis of Freud.