You only have to look as far as the nearest bathroom to find an example of an image formed by a mirror. In order for a plane mirror to produce a real image ir must be reflecting the virtual image produced by another mirror or a lens. One of the important characteristics of the image is that it is laterally inverted. (iv) The image formed by a mirror is laterally inverted. The image in a plane mirror is not magnified (that is, the image is the same size as the object) and appears to be as far behind the mirror as the object is in front of the mirror. It can only be seen by looking into the mirror. (i) The size of the image is the same as the size of the object. Images Formed by Plane Mirrors [Image to be added Soon] The nature of the image formed by a plane mirror is mentioned below: The image is virtual and erect. (ii) The distance of the object in front of the mirror is equal to the distance of the image behind the mirror. In plane mirrors always virtual image is formed. Example: Find the image of the given object. Find the location and characterize the orientation of an image created by a plane mirror. Here is the list of characteristics of an image formed by a plane mirror. The size of the object equals to that of the size of the image. (iii) A virtual and erect image is formed. In this context we call the virtual image a virtual object. An image is formed behind the mirror. Characteristics of the image formed by a plane mirror : It is virtual; It is erect and of the same size as the object; The distance of the object from the plane mirror is the same as the distance of the image from the plane mirror. A virtual image cannot be formed on a screen. The image appears to be behind the mirror. Distinguish between real and virtual images. Describe how an image is formed by a plane mirror. The image formed by a plane mirror is always virtual (meaning that the light rays do not actually come from the image), upright, and of the same shape and size as the object it is reflecting.A virtual image is a copy of an object formed at the location from which the light rays appear to come. We draw first point A’ which is the image of point A, we placed it one unit away from the mirror, then points B’ and C’ are placed with the same way. A diverging lens (one that is thicker at the edges than the middle) or a convex mirror forms a virtual image. As I said before, image of the object is formed behind the mirror with the same distance of object.
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